A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets. The hallmarks of a fighter are its speed, maneuverability, and small size relative to other combat aircraft.
Many fighters have secondary ground-attack capabilities, and some are designed as dual-purpose fighter-bombers; often aircraft that do not fulfill the standard definition are called fighters. This may be for political or national security reasons, for advertising purposes, or other reasons.
A fighter’s main purpose is to establish air superiority over a battlefield. Since World War I, achieving and maintaining air superiority has been considered essential for victory in conventional warfare. The success or failure of a belligerent’s efforts to gain air supremacy hinges on several factors including the skill of its pilots, the tactical soundness of its doctrine for deploying its fighters, and the numbers and performance of those fighters. Because of the importance of air superiority, since the dawn of aerial combat armed forces have constantly competed to develop technologically superior fighters and to deploy these fighters in greater numbers, and fielding a viable fighter fleet consumes a substantial proportion of the defense budgets of modern armed forces. Lets Look at the List of Top Ten Best Fighter Jets in the World.
Top Ten Best Fighter Jets in the World:
10. F-18 (USA)
Top Ten Best Fighter Jets in the World
The F-18 Super Hornet designed and manufactured by the US has the following features:
Max speed: 1,190 mph or 1,900km/hr at an altitude of 40,000 ft or 12,190 m It has a range of 1,275 nmi or 2,346 km without refueling Has a ferry range of 2,070 mi or 3,330 km Has a combat radius of 449 mi or 722 km in interdiction missions Service ceiling is 50,000+ft or 15,000+m Thrust is 0.93 Wing loading is 453kg/m2
9. J-10 (China)
The J-10 from China makes part of the leading fighter jets in the world. It has the following features:
Max speed of Mach 1.2 on sea level and Mach 1.9 cruising at altitude Combat radius of: 2,540km or 1,370nmi on high-low-high missions and 1,310km or 710nmi on low-low-low missions (these figures include 4,000lb or 1,814kg of two missiles and bomb load) Max range: 3,400km or 2,113mi without refueling Wing loading is 335 kg/m2 Service ceiling is 18,000m or 59,055ft
8. Rafale (France)
Top Ten Best Fighter Jets in the World
The French Rafale comes in at 8 with the following features:
Max speed: Mach 2 or 1,290 knots are high altitude and 750 knots or 1,390km/hr at low altitude. Combat radius is 1,852+km or 1,000+nmi during penetration missions It has a range of 3,700km or 2,000nmi Service ceiling is 16,800m or 55,000ft Wing loading is 326kg/m2 Thrust is 1.13
7. F-16 E (USA)
The F-16 comes in at 7 with the following specifications:
Max speed at low altitude is Mach 1.2 or 1,470km/hr and at high altitude is Mach 2+ or 2,414km/hr Combat radius: 550km or 295nm on a high-low-high mission and 450kg bomb load Service ceiling: 18,000+m or 60,000+ft Ferry range: 4,220km or 2,280nm Rate of climb: 254m/s Thrust: 1.095 Wing loading: 430kg/m2
6. Mig 35 (Russia)
In at 6 among the best fighter jets in the world is the Russian made Mig-35.
Max speed at altitude: Mach 2.25 or 2,400km/hr Range: 1,240mi or 2,000km Service ceiling: 57,400ft or 17,500m Ferry range: 1,930mi or 3,100km carrying 3 fuel tanks Rate of climb: 65,000ft/min or 330m/s Thrust is 1.03
5. Su 27 (Russia)
Another Soviet product at 5, the Su-27 has the following features:
Max speed at altitude: Mach 2.35 or 2,500km/hr Range at altitude: 3,530km; at sea level 1,340km Rate of climb: 64,000ft/min or 300m/s Service ceiling: 62,523ft or 18,500m Wing loading is 371kg/m2 Thrust: 1.09
4. F-15 Eagle (USA)
The F-15 fighter jet boasts the following features:
Max speed: Mach 2.5+ or 2,660+km/hr at high altitude and Mach 1.2 or 1,450 at low altitude Ferry range: 5,550km with an additional three fuel tanks to the conformal tanks. Combat radius: 1,967km for interdiction operations Service ceiling: 20,000m or 65,000ft Wing loading: 358kg/m2 Rate of climb: 254m/s Thrust:1.30
3. Su 35 (Russia)
At third place is the Russian-made Su-35 with the following specifications:
Max speed at altitude: 2,410km/h or Mach 2.25 Ferry range: 2,430nmi or 4,500km Range is 3,600km or 1,580km at low altitude Service ceiling: 59,100ft or 18,000m Wing loading: 84.9lb/ft2 Rate of climb: 55,100ft/min Thrust: 1.14
2. Euro-fighter Typhoon (Germany, UK, Italy and Spain)
The list would not have been complete without the Europeans in the skies. The Euro-fighter at second among the best fighter jets in the world has the following features:
Max speed: Mach 2+ or 2,495km/hr at altitude; Mach 1.2 or 1,470km/hr at low altitude; Mach 1.1 at supercruise Combat radius: Low-low-low ground attack: 601km High-low-high ground attack: 1,389km Range is 2,900km Ferry range: 2,300mi or 3,790km Rate of climb: 62,000ft/min or 315m/s Service ceiling: 65,000ft or 19,810m Wing loading is 63lb/ft2 or 307kg/m2
1. F-22 Raptor (US)
The Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor is a single-seat, twin-engine, all-weather stealth tactical fighter aircraft developed for the United States Air Force (USAF). The result of the USAF’s Advanced Tactical Fighter program, the aircraft was designed primarily as an air superiority fighter, but has additional capabilities including ground attack, electronic warfare, and signals intelligence roles. Lockheed Martin is the prime contractor and was responsible for the majority of the airframe, weapon systems, and final assembly of the F-22, while program partner Boeing provided the wings, aft fuselage, avionics integration, and training systems.
The aircraft was variously designated F-22 and F/A-22 prior to formally entering service in December 2005 as the F-22A. Despite a protracted development as well as operational issues, the USAF considers the F-22 a critical component of its tactical air power, and states that the aircraft is unmatched by any known or projected fighter. The Raptor’s combination of stealth, aerodynamic performance, and situational awareness gives the aircraft unprecedented air combat capabilities.
Max speed: Mach 2.25 or 2,410km/hr at altitude; Mach 1.82 or 1,963km/hr at supercruise Combat radius: 759km or 410nmi Service ceiling: 19,812m or 65,000ft Ferry range: 3,219km or 1,738nmi Wing loading: 375kg/m2 Thrust: 1.08 1.26 with 50% fuel and loaded weight
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